Flat Belt Pulleys
Toned belt pulleys are used in transmission systems that are driven by smooth belts, typically high-speed, low-power applications in textiles, paper making, and office machinery such as computer printers. Flat belts are as well used for conveyors. Compared to plied belts of equivalent horsepower, smooth belts are thinner by 25% or more, which allows toned belt pulleys to become smaller sized than V-belt pulleys. Smooth belts are likewise less expensive than belts found in a serpentine belt pulley. One safety point is normally that in overtorque scenarios, the belt can slide, protecting against damage to equipment other than the belt itself. Toned belts require smooth pulleys and toned pulley idlers. They do not necessarily require grooved toned belt pulleys. A flat pulley idler may also be utilized for the trunk side of a conventional V-belt. Flat belt travel pulleys apply motive capacity to the belt.
Toned belt pulleys and toned belt idler pulleys may have a molded crown, which really helps to center the belt, prevents rubbing against the exterior flanges, and support under the centre of the belt, where there may be the most stress. The crown likewise helps to keep the belt on the toned belt pulley (belts have a tendency to proceed to the tightest situation). In some cases, a flat belt drive carries a monitoring sleeve or other system for keeping the belt on the smooth pulley.
Specifications for smooth belt pulleys include:
· belt width
· outside diameter
· bore size
· hub diameter
· hub projection
Tension on a set belt is usually arranged by adjusting the distance between pulleys to extend belts by a tiny amount, such as 2%.
Standards for smooth belt pulleys happen to be maintained by the Intercontinental Firm for Standardization (ISO) Specialized Committees 41 (pulleys and belts) and 101 (continuous mechanical handling apparatus). In the Nationwide Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) publication, Motors and Generators (MG 1), Section 14.7 mentions toned belt pulleys.
Flat Belts Information

Flat belts are made for light-duty power transmitting and high-effectiveness conveying. They happen to be best-suited for applications with small pulleys and large central distances. Flat belts can connect outside and inside pulleys and can can be found in both endless and jointed engineering. They have a higher power transmission efficiency, are cost effective, and are simple to use and install.
The tiny bending cross-section of the smooth belt causes tiny bending loss. The frictional engagement on the pulley external surface requires only a little cross-section and makes toned belts very flexible, resulting in negligible energy damage. A flat belt will not require grooves, reducing the energy loss and dress in from the belt wedging in and taking out from the grooves.
Additional benefits of toned belts include energy savings, a long service life of belts and pulleys, less down time and huge productivity, and low noise generation from a clean belt operation. Smooth belts can be installed merely and securely. Belts happen to be tensioned to the calculated original tension by way of basic calculating marks to be employed to the belt. There exists a constant tension on the belt therefore the belt will certainly not have to be re-tensioned.
A disadvantage of smooth belts is their reliance about belt tension to produce frictional grip over pulleys. This high belt stress required to transmit power often shortens bearing life. Another disadvantage is their inability to track properly given that they have a tendency to climb towards the higher aspect of the pulley, which explains why V-belts > have grown in popularity. A V-belt is a basic belt for power tranny. They are usually endless in development and their cross-section shape is trapezoidal, presenting it the name V-belt. The V form of the belt tracks in a mating groove in the pulley in order that the belt cannot slip off.
Three common designs of flat belts include:
Fabric ply belts consist of a lot of plies or layers that are constructed of cotton or synthetic fiber, with or without rubber impregnation. The number of plies determines the belt thickness that can help determine the lowest pulley diameter for the drive.
Cloth cord belts are constructed of multiple cords made from cotton or synthetic fibers such as for example rayon, nylon, plastic, or Kevlar. They happen to be incased in rubber and protected with a cloth/runner covering. This kind is generally classed as a heavy-duty flat belt, used for substantial speeds, small pulley diameters, and shock loads. Steel cables can even be used as they have higher ability and lower extend than cloth cord flat belts.
Synthetic smooth belts are made of nylon. Nylon provides flexibility, extremely great tensile power, and operates successfully at high rim speeds. The belts happen to be thin plus they may contain several plies of thin nylon bonded jointly to form a hardcore but flexible toned belt.
Smooth belts generally have a traction layer made of oriented polyamide with two covers of elastomer leather or textile material and one intermediate coating of textile on each side. The traction layer absorbs the forces exerted on the belt when ability is transmitted. The friction cover ensures that the peripheral push acting on the belt pulleys is definitely transmitted to the belt and vice-versa.
Specifications that are important to consider include: belt type, belt width, and initial elongation. If these factors change, the belt should be recalculated.
Power transmission belt materials types include polyester, aramide, and polyamide.
Polyester is the most common material due to it price-to-benefit ratio. It supplies a versatile belt that can be utilized in a wide selection of operating temps with low energy consumption, high flexibility, and trusted performance.
Aramide is a solid choice for prolonged belts because of the brief take-up and high reliability for quantity of revolutions (RPM) and belt speed. It really is highly flexible, simple to join, includes a high E-modulus, and low energy consumption.
Polyamide is reliable and includes a long service existence. It can work in a number of conditions and capabilities well in extreme environments with intermittent overload and great temps. Polyamide is shock resilient and grooves permit high grip.
Belt width is merely the width of the belt. The tensile induce for 1% elongation per unit of width after running-in (N/mm), k1% a.r.we., is the decisive benefit for calculating the mandatory belt width and the resulting shaft load after belt relaxation
Correct and satisfactory initial elongation is definitely a pre-requisite for trouble-free operation of power transmission toned belts. The calculated original elongation (ε0) should be observed. In devices with a tensioning pulley, the pulley is placed on the slack side and pushes the belt to supply the mandatory initial elongation. In systems without a tensioning device the required initial elongation depends upon reducing the length of the shortened belt size, which may be the fabrication length. Always utilize the calculated preliminary elongation provided by the manufacture when putting in a belt.
When selecting a belt drive it is crucial to consider the speeds of and electric power transmitted among drive and driven unit, suitable distance between shafts, and appropriate operating conditions.
The equation for power is:
Power (kw) = (torque in newton-meters) x (rpm) x (2∏ radians)/(60 sec x 1000W)
The energy transmission flat belt works extremely well in many types of power transmission. It really is referred to as a two pulley drive, consisting of a generating pulley, a influenced pulley, and the belt. Here are types of pulley design variations.
Flat belts may be customized for a variety of applications. Such configurations involve an incline to transport product to another level. Flat belts could also have a tracking sleeve beneath the system to ensure that the belt will not slide, or that the coefficient of friction could be adjusted to avoid slippage.
Standard applications include conveyors, compressors, machine tools, and different heavy industrial equipment.
Flat belts must stick to certain standards and specifications to make sure proper design and functionality. JIS B 1852is important for pulleys for flat transmission belts and ISO 22 can be used to identify sizes and tolerances for flat transmission belts and corresponding pulleys.